The UK's Serious and Organised Crime Strategy




Roles and Responsibilities of each UK Government department and agency involved in delivering the Serious and Organised Crime Strategy


The Cabinet Office supports the work of the National Security Council (NSC) through the National Security Secretariat and is responsible for the delivery of the National Cyber Security Strategy


The Cabinet Office Briefing Room (COBR) is the government’s crisis response mechanism, including for incidents of serious and organised crime that require a crisis management response.

Joint Intelligence Committee

The Joint Intelligence Committee is a cross government committee, based at the Cabinet Office, providing ministers and senior officials with strategic assessments, primarily about security, defence and foreign affairs.



The Secret Intelligence Service collects intelligence overseas to promote and defend the national security and economic well-being of the UK.


The Security Service is responsible for protecting UK national security against threats including terrorism and serious and organised crime.



CPNI is the national technical authority for physical and personnel protective security measures, providing protective security advice to organisations. CPNI works closely with the NCSC, which leads on cyber security advice.


Government Communications HQ provides intelligence support to law enforcement in tackling serious and organised crime, as well as providing practical technical assistance to combat online threats, particularly online child sexual exploitation and abuse.


The National Cyber Security Centre was created in 2016 to help protect the UK's critical services from cyber attacks, manage major incidents and improve the underlying security of the UK internet.


The Home Office is responsible for leading the UK’s response to serious and organised crime, working closely with the police, security and intelligence agencies and across government to do this.

The Home Secretary and Minister of State for Security and Economic Crime have ministerial oversight for devising and coordinating the delivery of the Serious and Organised Crime Strategy, as well as oversight of the NCA.

Through Border Force, UK Visas & Immigration, Immigration Enforcement and Her Majesty’s Passport Office, the Home Office has responsibility for the security of the UK's border and immigration system and works closely with the NCA and police to ensure the border and immigration system can help to tackle the threat from serious and organised crime.


National Crime Agency (NCA) leads and coordinates UK law enforcement’s response to serious and organised crime and is responsible for developing a single authoritative view of the threat. It leads the operational response to some of the highest priority threats and supports ROCUs and police with their operations to counter serious and organised crime.

The NCA also has a network of international liaison officers and is responsible for a number of national functions, including responsibility for liaising with Europol and Interpol. 

The NCA is led by a Director General and overseen by the Home Secretary, but is operationally independent


Regional Organised Crime Units (ROCUs) are regional police units that have a number of specialist capabilities used to investigate and disrupt serious and organised crime. 

There are nine ROCUs in England and in Wales and they are the principal interface between the NCA and police forces. 

Police forces are able to draw on the ROCUs specialist capabilities through an established tasking mechanism.

Police Forces

Police Forces: Most of the operational work against serious and organised crime in this country will continue to be conducted by the 43 police forces in England and Wales at a regional and local level.


The Police remain operationally independent but work in close conjunction with both the Home Office and the NCA alongside other operational partners and are closely supported by local authorities and their agencies.


Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) are elected officials in England and Wales charged with the efficient and effective policing of their area. 


They also hold Chief Constables to account for the delivery of the police and crime plan in their area.


Police and Crime Commissioners are charged with holding the police fund (from which all policing of the area is financed) and raising the local policing precept from council tax.

UK Protected Person Service (UKPPS)

UKPPS provides protection and care to victims of, and witnesses to, serious and organised crime who are considered by law enforcement agencies to be at risk of serious harm.


The Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) prosecutes serious and organised crime cases in England and Wales.

CPS pursues all confiscation proceedings flowing from criminal investigations conducted by NCA and HMRC, and undertakes both criminal confiscation and civil recovery proceedings in conjunction with ROCUs and police forces.

CPS also deploys a network of international prosecutors, conducts extradition proceedings on behalf of foreign authorities and is responsible for obtaining European Arrest Warrants, issuing extradition requests, and wider international justice cooperation (including the gathering of evidence overseas).


The Serious Fraud Office (SFO) is a specialist law enforcement agency which investigates and prosecutes the top level of serious and complex fraud, bribery and corruption, and associated money laundering.


The SFO is part of the criminal justice system

covering England, Wales and Northern Ireland but not Scotland, the Isle of Man or the Channel Islands.


The Attorney General’s Office (AGO) supports the Attorney General and the Solicitor General in their duty to provide legal advice to the government and to oversee the main prosecution authorities – the CPS and SFO.


The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) is responsible for delivering diplomatic and practical support to our priorities on serious and organised crime overseas.


The Joint Fraud Taskforce (JFT) was set up in 2016, together with the private sector, law enforcement and government to protect the public from fraud.

Action Fraud

Action Fraud is the UK’s single point of reporting for fraud and cyber crime.


Since 2014 the Joint Money Laundering Intelligence Taskforce (JMLIT) has provided a mechanism for law enforcement and the financial sector to share information and work more closely together to detect, prevent and disrupt money laundering and wider economic crime.


Intellectual Property Office (IPO): The national coordinator on intellectual property crime (counterfeiting and piracy).


The IPO’s Intelligence Hub coordinates and exchanges intelligence between intellectual property enforcement agencies and the private sector in the UK and overseas.


The National Economic Crime Centre (NECC) will act as the national authority for the UK’s operational response to economic crime, drawing on operational capabilities in the public and private sector to tackle the greatest threats.


The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) regulates the financial sector and financial advisers, and will pursue criminal prosecutions, including for insider dealing and market manipulation.

HM Treasury

HM Treasury is responsible for regulating the financial and banking sectors, for the Money Laundering Regulations and overseeing anti-money laundering supervision, and for ensuring that financial sanctions are implemented and enforced.


HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) is the UK’s tax and customs authority, responsible for tackling fiscal fraud, with civil and criminal powers to investigate organised criminals.


HMRC also has an international network of Fiscal Crime Liaison Officers.


The Ministry of Defence (MOD) supports the Serious and Organised Crime Strategy by building capacity in priority countries and where appropriate and available, using interdiction capabilities to ensure threats cannot reach the UK.


The Ministry of Justice (MoJ) works to protect the public and reduce reoffending, and to provide a more effective, transparent and responsive criminal justice system for victims and the public.

MoJ is also responsible for ensuring that prison and probation services disrupt serious and organised crime related activity as part of a lifetime offender management approach.


Her Majesty’s Prison and Probation Service (HMPPS) is an executive agency of the Ministry of Justice (MoJ) responsible for the correctional services in England and Wales.


Department for Education (DfE) is responsible for children’s services and the education of young people, including activity delivered by the education sector to divert young people away from becoming involved in serious and organised crime, either as a victim or potential offender.


Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is responsible for safeguarding our natural environment and supporting our food and farming industry, and has a lead role in tackling waste and wildlife crime.


Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) is responsible for the policy relating to the recovery from drug dependence and also for ensuring the health sector use their unique position to identify and safeguard victims of serious and organised crime, raise awareness of its consequences and share information with partners to help tackle it.

Department for Transport (DfT)

Department for Transport (DfT): DfT is the security regulator for the transport sector and for the transportation of dangerous goods. DfT’s security regulations are intended to protect the travelling public, transport facilities and those employed in the transport industry, regulations which can also serve to disrupt serious and organised crime.


The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) is responsible for policy relating to business, including ensuring there is transparency around who ultimately owns and controls a company, which is an important part of the global fight against corruption, money laundering and terrorist financing. This can assist law enforcement in their investigations of alleged criminal behaviour and additionally act as a deterrent.


Government Agency Intelligence Networks (GAIN): GAIN operates across regions to facilitate the sharing of information and intelligence between government, law enforcement and in some instances the private sector to help tackle the threat from serious and organised crime.


The Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) leads the government’s relations with the technology industry, including with communications service providers, while also overseeing the development of the Digital Charter as part of efforts to make the UK the safest place in the world to be online.


The Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) sets the overarching framework for local government and coordinates work with local authorities in England to, for example, support complex families with children at risk of involvement in crime, and build safer communities that have a greater resilience to serious and organised crime.

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